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 History of the city 

Přemysl Otakar II.

In 1265, Czech King Přemysl Otakar II established the city of České Budějovice on the confluence of the rivers Malše and Vltava. The to ground plan of the emerging city was ingeniously measured by the Zvíkov burgrave Hirzo, where a chessboard network of streets connects to the square-shaped square with an area of 133 x 137 m. Two cathedrals were built and a row of burgher homes around the square including the city hall. The entire was encircled by walls with towers and three city gates.

Immediately after its inception, České Budějovice became the metropolis of power and finance of South Bohemia and a support of royal power. Its privileges were strengthened in the 14th century by King Charles IV and the city became a centre of trade and crafts. České Budějovice also became wealthy from silver mining and minting in the nearby village of Rudolfov.

The walled city stood away from the pressure of the Hussites and its economic boom was not damaged until the Thirty Years War and the extensive fire in the second half of the 17th century. Restoration of the city continued for decades in Baroque style and changed the city’s architectural character. A number of religious buildings and institutions were built, such as the bishopric, as well as secular buildings.

The industrial development in the 19th century meant many changes in terms of transportation and production. In 1832, the first horse-drawn railway, which was the very first in all of Europe, car set out from České Budějovice to Linz. Moreover, pencil, enamel and tobacco factories and breweries were established. Fortunately the industrial development did not destroy the historical centre of the city.

The twentieth century brought along with it far-reaching changes in all aspects of life. We can find a number of examples here of modern architecture from the 1920s and 30s. The population neared the 100 thousand level towards the end of the 20th century. The city is home to the University of South Bohemia, many specialized schools, research institutes, the four-ensemble South Bohemian Theatre, the Museum of South Bohemia and other private museums and galleries.

Among major companies worth mentioning are the Budweiser Budvar and Samson breweries, Madeta dairy works, Koh-i-Noor Hardmuth and Gama pencil factories, and the Robert Bosch and Motor Jikov machine works.

The opening of the borders led to a tremendous boom in tourism and we also have a lot to offer to guests. It is not just about significant monuments in the city, but also cultural and sports activities, or shopping. And all of that can be topped with a delicious meal and a pint of dewy beer in a pleasant restaurant. Even nature lover have an abundance to choose from here. České Budějovice is surrounded by a picturesque landscape of ponds, forests and the hills of the Blanský Forest and Nové Hrady mountains, which architectural gems are set into, such as Chateau Hluboká and the municipality of Holašovice, which is listed under Unesco heritage sites thanks to its rustic Baroque buildings. The list also includes České Krumlov, which is 20 kilometres away. Are you in the mood to go on a trip?

České Budějovice is a friendly and hospitable city. Come and see for yourself.